Tuesday, May 26, 2020
The New Angle On Nature Vs Nurture Essay Topics Just Released For instance, if an infant appears angry, then it's angry. In activegene-environment interaction, a kid's heritable traits influence their selection of environment. Research proves that it's more probable that the youngster is going to end up smoking since they saw the parent do it. The child won't know the age at which they'll be entirely able to establish their gender until it happens. Knowledge and data gaps associated with the Nature versus nurture essay is now able to be developed easily. Mind it is crucial to prevent any personal judgments when you compose a nature vs nurture expository essay. Posters can't be returned or exchanged. For instance, there is a gene responsible for a 30% chance that you won't master driving. If people start drug use at a young age, they can experience as much damage to the cells of the brain they discover that it's tough to recover. When a person could reason something out t hen the man or woman is thought to be intelligent. For example, if he shows interpersonal intelligence then the best tool to teach such a person is the use of group activities. What Everybody Dislikes About Nature Vs Nurture Essay Topics and Why The notion our genetic makeup determines our creativity gives us an intriguing insight into the essence of artistic talent. The definition of intelligence hasn't been well established and stays the reason psychologists are still fighting among other problems. Intelligence, for instance, is a complicated human characteristic that could exhibit itself in a wide assortment of methods from genius to basic common sense. Therefore, whether it is nature or nurture is a matter of the point of view as well as the individual. Nature proponents think that homosexuality is genetic or outside of somebody's control. The author adds an additional factor. Karen Horney stressed the significance of sociocultural aspects in the growth of personality. To make this kind of essay reliable, it's necessary for you to base your research on trustworthy sources. If you need assistance deciding whether your argument is powerful enough, or in case you merely require a few tweaks here and there, the Kibin editors are here to assist. Naturally, some essays are read by means of a committee, others are declared facing the entire class. Just remember that you're writing an argumentative essay, and that you have to decide on a side and support it well. What to Do About Nature Vs Nurture Essay Topics Before You Miss Your Chance As soon as it is surely useful in the evolution of particular conditions for there to be a genetic disposition, there almost always should be an environmental trigger that leads to the characteristic to manifest in someone. There isn't a right temperament but an extensive variety of temperamental styles. The analysis looked at a number of traits17,804 to be preciseincluding depression and tobacco usage. Someone is born with specific abilities and characteristics. What You Should Do to Find Out About Nature Vs Nurture Essay Topics Before You're Left Behind Other individuals choose something to trust in, whether it's genes accountable for their behavior or their life experiences. Not to mention a number of teachers that are twins too. Exactly like nature, nurture affects our mental well-being, also. Human-made analogs of life might also be regarded as life. Your input is extremely much appreciated. Your point of view is dependent upon the form of the paper you've got to create and vice versa. The brain can only manage a finite quantity of information. Yet another example comprises the description of each element in its turn. The Truth About Nature Vs Nurture Essay Topics There are just too many facts on either side of the argument that are inconsistent with an all or nothing view. Though a gene might raise the likelihood that you will behave in a specific way, it doesn't make people do things. Increasingly, individuals have begun to understand that asking how much heredity or environment influence a specific trait isn't the correct strategy. A whole lot of changes happen on the way. Type of Nature Vs Nurture Essay Topics The acquisition of all-natural resources for industrial use remains a sizable part of the world's financial system. The environment plays an important part in the evolution of humanity through cultivating personality, character, beliefs, and several distinctive aspects in someone's life. Others have started to think that intelligence is composed of distinct abilities, aptitudes together with talents. Weather it is nature or nurture, it is extremely important if it has to do with human improvement. Ok, I Think I Understand Nature Vs Nurture Essay Topics, Now Tell Me About Nature Vs Nurture Essay Topics! The main purpose of papers about nature vs nurture is to supply you with the gist of the subject and broaden your outlook. Natu re and nurture are two terms utilized in behavioral psychology between which you can determine a variety of differences. Bear in mind the approaches to psychology to comprehend the problem better. Simply take the theory of evolution for a case in point. Additionally, a heritability estimate doesn't tell us which specific genes are connected to the differences we see. Genes may play a part in smoothing that path. Some genes, for instance, cannot be activated without certain environmental inputs. The exact same genes might be the origin of the addiction to develop.
Friday, May 15, 2020
The Civil War between the North and South was the result of two cultures that economically, morally, and legally clashed on almost all levels. The steadily growing conflict between the two parts of the union makes it hard to pinpoint the origin or the cause of the resulting war. The conflict arose from a nation thats geographical areas had slowly grown apart in their ideals and also their source of income, which is often the cause of strife between battling regions. This rift driven between the two areas gradually increased from one state disagreeing with the other in policy to an imaginary line drawn, dividing the nation into the North and the South. Measures were taken in order to try and close this divide but were unsuccessful becauseÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Considering these factors, along with many others, it is nearly impossible to imagine peace between a nation so divided. The Civil War was inevitable, but in the end brought a nation that was crumbling into a unified lan d. This division and then unification has a beginning that is difficult to pinpoint but the best place to start is the main contributing factor to the division, slavery. The Constitution of the United States was signed in 1787 and set the law of the land. This was not the start of slavery but contained many articles that confronted the issue in the states. The following excerpts from the United States Constitution directly relate to slavery and were used in the following years to justify the act. Ã¢â¬Å"RepresentativesÃ¢â¬ ¦ shall be determined by adding to the whole Number of free Persons, including those bound to Service for a Term of Years, and excluding Indians not taxed, three fifths of all other Persons.Ã¢â¬ - Article I Section 2 Ã¢â¬Å"The Migration or Importation of such Persons as any of the States now existing shall think proper to admit, shall not be prohibited by the Congress prior to the Year one thousand eight hundred and eightÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ - Article I Section 9 Ã¢â¬Å"No Person held to Service or Labour in one State, under the Laws thereof, escaping into another, shall, in Consequence of any Law or Regulation therein, be discharged from such Service or Labour, but shall be delivered up on Claim of the Party to whom such Service or Labour may beShow MoreRelatedWas The American Civil War An Inevitable?1390 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesSabrina Scovino Was the American Civil War an inevitable consequence of the American Revolution? The American Revolution marked significant changes in the political, social, and economic status of the Americans. For a long, time the lives of the Americans were darkened by the British colonial rule. The British government passed several intolerable Acts. For instance, the Massachusetts Government Act was a restriction to town meetings. As a result, the American opponents began collective actionsRead MoreThe American Civil War Was Inevitable1975 Words Ã |Ã 8 Pagesitself cannot stand were the words of Abraham Lincoln in a republican convention on June 17,1858 in Illinois. The inevitable debate over slavery, popular sovereignty, the publishing of Uncle Toms Cabin, and Lincolns election would eventually have brothers versus brothers fighting each other in a bloody war. Religion, economics and the lost of power made the civil war an inevitable one. Popular sovereignty is the ideal that people could choose their laws such ideal Lewis Cass first broughtRead MoreWas the American Civil War Inevitable?2559 Words Ã |Ã 11 PagesWas the American civil war inevitable? The civil war was inevitable, only however, after one key event; the cotton gin made the civil war inevitable. The invention of the cotton gin in 1793 was the key element which enabled the south to have sufficient vested interest in their traditional lifestyle in order to feel the need to defend it at all costs even from their Northern countrymen. The core argument of this essay centres around the evidence which clearly defines their being in existence twoRead MoreThe American Civil War Was Inevitable Essay1641 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesThe Civil War was inevitable in many reasons. The economic and industrial evolution was mainly in the North side of the United States while the South was just a cotton kingdom, Slave Empire. Also both were completely opposites of one another when it was about freeing the slaves or hiring more. With many debates there has to be sides that would be separated especially if the president has so much hate from the people. With that being said, since many want opposing ideas, the Civil War becomes muchRead MoreEssay on The American Civil War Was Inevitable1930 Words Ã |Ã 8 PagesThe Civil War: one of the most pivotal and significant moments in the history of the United States of America. The dividing of a newly birthed nation upon itself - the turmoil created threatened to collapse a unified yearning for independence. A nation once united by the solace of solidarity, once tread on by the tyranny of a motherland, once triumphant in a fight for freedom, became segregated by principle. Power and greed fueled a dichotomy between color and people which repercussions lingeredRead MoreEssay about The American Civil War Was Inevitable1813 Words Ã |Ã 8 PagesSouth is truly one of the most defining events in American history. Through numerous events leading up to the start of the Civil War, I will attempt to show how the United States was destined for conflict and that the Civil War was inevitable. The first way I will show how the war could not be avoided will deal with the issue of slavery. Slavery should be the first mentioned because many conflicts within the United States leading up to the Civil War and the division of the United States dealt withRead MoreThe War Of The American Civil War960 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesslavery even if it meant war caused peace in this nation. Slavery was the vital cause of the American Civil War. The north and the south both had their differences on how to run the country. People in the North believed in unity and that slavery should not exist because Ã¢â¬Å"all men are created equally.Ã¢â¬ On the other hand, the South believed in continuing slavery. People tried to talk it out and come to a middle ground after both sides compromising, however that didnÃ¢â¬â¢t work and caused war. Ideological differencesRead MoreSlavery as the Cause of the American Civil War Essay1733 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesThe American Civil War was the bloodiest military conflict in American history leaving over 50 0 thousand dead and over 300 thousand wounded (Roark 543-543). One might ask, what caused such internal tension within the most powerful nation in the world? During the nineteenth century, America was an infant nation, but toppling the entire world with its social, political, and economic innovations. In addition, immigrants were migrating from their native land to live the American dream (Roark 405-407)Read MoreThe Civil War Was Inevitable1399 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesThe American Civil War took place from April 12, 1861 to May 9, 1865. The simple answer is yes: the Civil War was completely inevitable, but there were many events, documents and people before its beginning that certainly had a large bearing on the war itself. The most divisive political issue in the United States in the mid-1800s was the expansion of slavery, and slavery is certainly the common denominator of the events leading up to the Civil War. People from the North were abolitionists, lookingRead MoreThe American R evolution And The Civil War1567 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pages In the eyes of most, the American Revolution was a momentous event that shaped not only what would now be the America we know today but the whole world as well. However, this event had ramifications that affected the history of America for many years to come. In fact, many of those same ramifications led to what we know as the American Civil War. While it may be difficult to distinguish whether or not the Civil War was an inevitable consequence of the American Revolution due to lack of correlating
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
From all of the readings in the course thus far, the two resonant leadership styles that caught my attention were from the book Primal Leadership: realizing the power of emotional intelligence. The first is the visionary leadership style, which is strongly reminiscent of the charismatic style discussed in my leadership article review. This style of leader focuses on future possibilities and considered to be exceptionally positive and transformative in nature. The second leadership style is the democratic style which embodies collaboration, positive influence, and encouragement of ideas. Key strengths of the democratic style include communication and listening. Both of these styles are decidedly positive in their base elements and rely on strong emotional intelligence. The visionary style focuses robustly on the future, innovation, and possibilities without defining the process for getting there. Ã¢â¬Å"Visionary leaders help people to see how their work fits into the big picture, lending people a clear sense not just that what they do matters, but also whyÃ¢â¬ (Goleman, Boyatizis, McKee, 2002, p. 57). The visionary leadership style seeks meaning in the work accomplished and that it is moving the organization closer to the vision articulated. It is also a style where talent in an organization typically stays. While, the democratic style differs in that it is principally about the process for achieving the vision provided. It works through the implementation of a projectShow MoreRelatedReflection Paper On Leadership1318 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesLeadership is the ability for one person to successfully and confidently lead a group of ot hers who want to follow them. For me, leadership is about blending together my skills and abilities with my followers so that when we work together, the product we produce is always top notch. Leadership doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t have to come from someone who is above me in rank; anyone who is confident and has a similar set of values to mine could lead me. When I first started this leadership course, I had the basic understandingRead MoreThe Leader I Will Position This Paper On Is Warren Buffet929 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagessophomore in college, then studying for management methods and great leaders. Since then I have been looking through the new and track down this manÃ¢â¬â¢s incredible career. With a course in business since he was eleven years old, Buffet went from a pin-ball machine owner in his teen year to a billionaire. He was described by his friends and family as a mathematical prodigy; Buffet completed his studies at the University of Nebraska and acquired his masterÃ¢â¬â¢s degree from Columbia Business School under BenjaminRead MoreReflective Essay on Negotiation1071 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesdiscuss a raise with our manager, we try to agree with a stranger on a price for his goods . Everyone negotiates something every day. This paper discusses my natural preferences for influencing tactics, my views on negotiation compared to my prior knowledge, my future work on negotiation and some opinions about the role play activity. My natural preferences for influencing tactics At the preparing time I read over different types of influence tactics and the Ã¢â¬ËExchangeÃ¢â¬â¢Ã¢â¬â¢RationalityÃ¢â¬â¢ is whatRead MoreLsi Evaluation1667 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesUniversity MGMT591 Leadership and Organizational Behavior Dr. Matasha Murrell-Jones Table of Contents Personal Thinking StyleÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦2 Impact on Management StyleÃ¢â¬ ¦.......................................................................................5 Genesis of Personal StyleÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦.6 Conclusion and ReflectionÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦...6 ReferencesÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦7 According to Human Synergistics International (2016), The Life Styles Inventory (LSI)Read MoreBrent. The Second Interview1436 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesfor sixty minutes, but it was cut short due to a pressing issue that required BrentÃ¢â¬â¢s immediate attention. Brent is a twenty-five-year company veteran who started his career as a sales associate in a LoweÃ¢â¬â¢s store while he completed his degree. He has since risen through the company ranks to the position of Senior Vice President. During his long career at LoweÃ¢â¬â¢s, Brent has held numerous leadership positions, the majority of them in the store operations area of the company. Although I had workedRead MoreBusiness Management Essay1181 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesneed differing levels of management and decide on a management style that works best for both my store and me. In this paper I would develop a plan that will cover all these things so that I may open a successful business. I would begin the planning process by determining what recreational activities are available in the particular geographical location. I live in Alexandria, Louisiana, so this is where I would probably open my store. In this area there are numerous places to hunt and fishRead MoreThe Pressures Of Performativity And The Responses Of Leadership4815 Words Ã |Ã 20 PagesResponses of Leadership In this essay, I will try to develop an understanding of why performance measures are so important to school leadership and how leadership stimulates change when new performance measures are demanded. Firstly, I will briefly explore the development of historical practices in the education field, the Ã¢â¬ËHistory of Classifications and the History of BloodÃ¢â¬â¢, discussing their influences on modern day experiences (Ball 2013). To do this I will I use a personal anecdote to direct my researchRead MoreI Feel Like With Many Great Leaders2339 Words Ã |Ã 10 Pagesone specific style alone does not represent how a great leader leads. Jan is a combination of multiple styles each tailored to the situation, task, or individual. Jan operates with a perfect mixture of Democratic and Laissez-faire styles, Situational Leadership, and Transformational Leadership. Below I will briefly describe each leadership style to offer a better understanding for what each has to offer and how it relates to JanÃ¢â¬â¢s style. Democratic Leadership Democratic Leadership is by far oneRead MoreLeadership Qualities Of The Great Leaders Of Our Time1833 Words Ã |Ã 8 PagesLeader to chart the courseÃ¢â¬ (Maxwell viii). Leadership. This concept has created many debates throughout history. What does it take to be classified as a great leader? What intangible characteristics are inherent to the great leaders of our time? Why have so many failed when put into a leadership role? During my 27 plus years in the military and over 20 years in the construction industry, I have been exposed to a wide variety of leaders and their leadership style. These examples have demonstrated to meRead MoreManagers Of Virtue : Public School Leadership3350 Words Ã |Ã 14 PagesManagers of Virtue In the book, Managers of Virtue: Public School Leadership in America, 1820-1980, the authors address the difficulties of todayÃ¢â¬â¢s American public school system in light of the role played by school leadership in the building and reconstruction stages of public education in America. The book provides the reader with a historical visit to public education and, particularly, to the lives of those who created, managed, led, shaped, and reshaped the American public school system. The
Tuesday, May 5, 2020
Question: Discuss about the Critical Path Segments Method Academy. Answer: Introduction: Technological advancements particularly in the field of information technology have affected lives the human beings to an extent over the past 40 years. The key question is 'How has IT influenced human lives, during 1960s and afterwards?. The context here refers to the technological advancements (what) in the past 40 years (when). Since, scientific advancements are of global importance, the places of context consist of the global economy. IT refers to advancements in the field of information knowledge and its application in areas like communication, commerce and environmental protection. The plan of the essay is to explore advancements in these five fields and their impact on the human lives (Bloom et al., 2014). Informational technology has transformed lives of people all over the world. Today people are able to communicate with each other within a very short span of time. Today IT has enabled booking tickets and hotels, thus making transport more comfortable and safe. IT aided proj ect management has boosted manufacturing of goods which in turn has boosted flow of money in the global economy. These advancements of IT and its development are not uniform in the world. Advancement in IT has dramatically transformed the lives of the people living in the developed and developing countries. IT has made the lives of these people more comfortable and easier. However, the poor countries even today are deprived of these benefits of IT. They are dependent on the developed and developing countries even for their basic requirements. Advancements in IT have resulted in environmental pollution, which is devastating the health of people, animals and plants. For example, large-scale manufacturing of goods cause pollution due to higher amount of wastes like smoke and sludge. Mobile towers give out harmful radiations, which harm the environment. Advancement in IT has enabled collaboration between these manufacturing companies and innovation laboratories to make environment friendly products, which reduce pollution (Bilbao-Osorio, Dutta Lanvin, 2013). The manufacturing companies use IT to gain information about the green supply chain management to make eco-friendly products. The companies today use emails and social networking sites like, Facebook to spread awareness about their eco-friendly methods. As a result, they can obtain more support from stakeholder groups like the customers, financial institutes and shareholders. The shareholders pump in more investments while customers buy their products and generate huge r evenue. Thus, IT helps the companies to get positive return on their huge investments in producing eco-friendly products (Przybylski Weinstein, 2013). IT allows governments and environmentalists to conduct environmental tests to examine the conditions of various eco systems. The international environmental relate television channels like Animal Planet today support these researches, spreading awareness. IT enables these specialists to collaborate with each other, like armies and governments to conduct risky and expensive experiments on environment. They spread awareness to get support from the public (Hafez, Aziz Elalim, 2014). The environmentalists can conduct experiments on the rainforests to test their flora and fauna. They spread the information on the findings of their research and their future effects the dwindling of rainforests can have on the earth. IT has enabled the scientists spread awareness about environment using digital technology like e-magazines and blogs. This h as contributed to raising awareness about environment and reduced environmental pollution. Information technology has made communication and transport between people across the globe faster and easier. The 60s saw development of computer hardware technology, which enabled tablets to have the efficiency of large desktop. Invention of mobile phone in 1960s revolutionized communication. However, the users could only speak and send written messages on those mobile phones. The advancement in ICT led to advent of smart phones, which are combination of smart phones and mini computers. This invention in IT is helping in performing multiple tasks like speaking, sending written messages and communicating through applications. The advancements like internet and communication hardware have benefitted people in several ways. They can perform multiple activities on the same device, which saves them from incurring several devices to perform several functions (Gungor et al., 2013). The rise smart phone sale proves that people are buying IT gadgets to avail their multiple benefits. The ben efits users derive by using these gadgets lead to the increase in demand of smart phones (Hashim, 2015). The advancements in IT and the increase in demand for technological have made it very profitable. It has attracted multinational companies to the IT, proving benefits of IT and gadgets (Coskun, Ozdenizci Ok, 2013). The multinational companies like Apple today support researches in the field of IT to develop more sophisticate advanced machines. These gadgets are capable of performing multiple functions. People can shop and book hotels. These facilities have made life more comfortable for the elder citizens who have problems in travelling to pay bills and make purchases. It can be concluded, that IT has benefitted people in multiple ways. IT has emerged into a billion dollar industry dominated by multinational companies like IBM. An area, which has benefitted tremendously by advancements of IT is physical communication between places. People today can today view hotels, flights an d trains online of distant tourist destinations. One of the most spectacular applications of IT is manufacturing goods in the companies all around the world. Banks using software and satellite connections can help in transfer of money from one part of the world to another within no time. They can ensure continuous flow of money towards production activities. They then use IT to communicate these pieces of information to the stakeholders using their official websites, print media and digital newspapers (Rickerson, et al., 2013). The companies can today use the most advanced technology to manufacture goods. The companies today are able to offer cheap and high quality goods by tehri integrated manufacturing systems. Development in IT in the recent period has made applications like electronic fund transfer facilities. This has revolutionized money flow in the global economy. A remarkable advancement in information technology in the field of commerce, which took place in the late 2000s, is advent of electronic commerce or ecommerce. For example, the companies today advertise their goods on the ecommerce portals globally. Ecommerce portals also enable companies to obtain raw materials from all over the world to ensure a high variety of products, Just in time(JIT) project management facilities supported by IT has enabled companies to manage large scale manufacturing goods projects. They can advertise the products with their features, benefits, prices and even compare them with similar products. The customers on the other hand can view, order and pay for products, which are not available locally (Hashim, 2015). This round the clock availability of a huge number of goods on the IT portals gives rise to immense flow of products and cash from customers and companies which again encourages further manufacture of goods. Thus, development of information technology has enabled strengthening of the global economy by this advanced manufacturing technology using in making goods(Bhateja, Urooj Misra, 2015). The advancements in information technology has revolutionized the world and benefitted man. Today IT helps in every aspect of human life in terms of both quality and quantity. IT applications like electronic money transfer have made movement of money in the global economy faster. The advancements of IT like online booking facilities have made it possible for people to book tickets and hotels. IT enables transport departments to gain information about travelling conditions like heavy rain, which makes it possible to avoid accidents and prevent loss of human lives. The advancements of IT have led to emergence of electronic commerce, which has made it possible for companies to advertise and sell their good all over the world. The customers can again buy goods from all over the world. Thus, IT has accelerated flow of manufacturing of goods and flow of money globally, which has strengthened global economy. References: Bhateja, V., Urooj, S., Misra, M. (2015). Technical advancements to mobile mammography using nonlinear polynomial filters and IEEE 21451-1 NCAP information model.IEEE Sensors Journal,15(5), 2559-2566. Link: ieeexplore.ieee.org/document/6942156/ Bilbao-Osorio, B., Dutta, S., Lanvin, B. (2013, April). The global information technology report 2013. InWorld Economic Forum(pp. 1-383). Link: www3.weforum.org/docs/WEF_GITR_Report_2013.pdf Bloom, N., Garicano, L., Sadun, R., Van Reenen, J. (2014). The distinct effects of information technology and communication technology on firm organization.Management Science,60(12), 2859-2885. Link: pubsonline.informs.org/doi/abs/10.1287/mnsc.2014.2013 Coskun, V., Ozdenizci, B., Ok, K. (2013). A survey on near field communication (NFC) technology.Wireless personal communications,71(3), 2259-2294. Link: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/257675463_A_survey_on_Near_Field_Communication_NFC_technology Gungor, V. C., Sahin, D., Kocak, T., Ergut, S., Buccella, C., Cecati, C., Hancke, G. P. (2013). A survey on smart grid potential applications and communication requirements.IEEE Transactions on Industrial Informatics,9(1), 28-42. Link: dl.acm.org/citation.cfm?id=2504668 Hafez, S. M., Aziz, R. F., Elalim, M. S. (2014). Critical Path Segments Method for Scheduling Technique.World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology, International Journal of Civil and Environmental Engineering,1(12). Link: https://scholar.google.com/citationsuser=pDd0NacAAAAJhl=ja Hashim, J. (2015). Information communication technology (ICT) adoption among SME owners in Malaysia.International Journal of Business and Information,2(2). Link: www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S187704281500350X Przybylski, A. K., Weinstein, N. (2013). Can you connect with me now? How the presence of mobile communication technology influences face-to-face conversation quality.Journal of Social and Personal Relationships,30(3), 237-246. Link: journals.sagepub.com/doi/abs/10.1177/0265407512453827 Rickerson, W., Hanley, C., Laurent, C., Greacen, C. (2013). Implementing a global fund for feed-in tariffs in developing countries: A case study of Tanzania.Renewable Energy,49, 29-32. Link: journals.sagepub.com/doi/abs/10.1177/0265407512453827 Samsung introduced 10 times as many phones as Apple last year, but its mobile division made half as much revenue. (2017).Business Insider. Retrieved 8 November 2017, from https://www.businessinsider.in/Samsung-introduced-10-times-as-many-phones-as-Apple-last-year-but-its-mobile-division-made-half-as-much-revenue/articleshow/57401333.cms
Tuesday, April 14, 2020
Databases The Many Faces of Databases Large databases can contain hundreds of interrelated files. Fortunately a database management system can shield users from the complex inner workings of the system, providing them with only the information and commands they need to get their jobs done. In fact, a well-designed database puts on different faces for different classes of users. Downsizing and Decentralizing The earliest file management programs could only do batch processing, which required users to accumulate transactions and feed them into computers in large batches. These batch systems weren't able to provide the kind of immediate feedback we expect today. Today disk drives, inexpensive memory, and sophisticated software have allowed interactive processing to replace batch processing for most applications. Users can now interact with data through terminals, viewing and changing values in real time. Batch processing is still used for printing periodic bills, invoices, and reports and for making backup copies of data files. But for applications that demand immediacy, such as airline reservations, banking transactions, and the like, interactive, multiuser database systems have taken over. Until recently most databases were housed in mainframe computers. But for a growing number of organizations, the traditional centralized database on a mainframe system is no longer the norm. Some companies use a client/server approach: Database software in client desktop computers works with files stored in central server databases on mainframes, minicomputers, or desktop computers. Other companies use distributed databases that use data strewn out across networks on several different computers. From the user's point of view, the differences between these approaches may not be apparent. Tomorrow's Databases? Many computer scientists believe that the relational data model may be supplanted in the next decade by an object-oriented data model, and that most future databases will be object-oriented databases rather than relational databases. Instead of storing records in tables and hierarchies, object-oriented databases store software objects that contain procedures (or instructions) along with data. Object-oriented databases often are used in conjunction with object-oriented programming languages. Tomorrow's databases will be able to respond intelligently to commands and queries issued in natural human language. Rules of Thumb: Dealing with Databases A few common-sense rules when working with file managers or relational database management systems are: o Choose the right tool for the job. o Think about how you'll get the information out before you put it in. o Start with a plan, and be prepared to change it. o Make your data consistent. o Databases are only as good as their data. o Query with care. o If at first you don't succeed, try another approach. NO SECRETS: COMPUTERS AND PRIVACY The Privacy Problem Businesses and government agencies spend billions of dollars every year to collect and exchange information about you and me. For most of us this data is out of sight and out of mind. But every day lives are changed because of these databases. Big Brother and Big Business With modern networked computers it's easy to compile profiles by combining information from different database files. When files share a unique field, record matching is trivial and quick. Sometimes the results are clearly beneficial. But these benefits come with at least three problems: o Data errors are common. o Data can become nearly immortal. o Data isn't secure. Protection against invasion of privacy is not explicitly guaranteed by the U.S. Constitution. Legal scholars agree that the right to privacy-freedom from interference into the private sphere of a person's affairs-is implied by other constitutional guarantees, although debates rage about exactly what this means. Federal and state laws provide various forms of privacy protection, but most of those laws were written years ago. When it comes to privacy violation, technology is far ahead of the law. Rules of Thumb: Your Private Rights Here are a few tips for protecting your right to privacy: o Your Social Security number is yours; don't give it away. o Don't give away information about yourself. o Say no to direct mail and phone solicitations. o To maximize your privacy, minimize your profile. o If you think there's incorrect or damaging information about you in a file, find out. o Support organizations that fight for privacy rights.
Thursday, March 12, 2020
GM Foods Ã¢â¬â Solving Hunger or Creating Chemical Cocktails Free Online Research Papers Between 1999 and 2005, a reported 850 million people were malnourished worldwide (Skoet Stamoulis, 2006.) The worlds population is expected to reach about nine billion by 2050 (Suzuki, 1999), and available farm land is decreasing (Egide L. Nizeyimana, 2002.)This means that global food provisions must increase in order to supply the growing population (UN EC Council 2008.) Genetic engineering of food crops as a means of yielding higher quantities as well as better quality produce has been suggested as an answer (Coghlan, 2005). However, recent controversies about the reliability of claims made about higher crop yields, in addition to public distrust of government control of GM food, clouds the argument for this solution. Many books and journal articles are questioning if genetically modified (GM) foods can alone solve Third World food shortage, and in comparison, very few support it. The new face of hunger In his (March 2008) article in the Washington Post, the Secretary-General of the United Nations Ban Ki-Moon highlighted a newly emerging threat to the poor and starving people of the world (Ki-Moon, 2008.) Soaring food prices as well as deflating real wages are affecting fragile democracies and food security. People are buying lesser amounts of food and/or cheaper, less nutritious food, and by doing so are affecting their future health. Ki-Moon calls upon the UN to meet urgent humanitarian needs, strengthen on-going UN programs that are fighting world hunger and build drought and flood defence systems to lessen impacts of weather related distresses to micro agricultures. He calls for increase of agricultural production by Ã¢â¬Ëintroducing vital science and technologies that offer permanent solutions for hungerÃ¢â¬â¢. Does the Secretary-General mean GM technologies are part of the future action? Living with genetically modified foods The certain differences between traditional breeding (cross breeding within the speciesÃ¢â¬â¢ gene pool that has been with us since ancient ages) and genetic engineering (taking a specific gene out of one genus and placing it into another organism) are clear. It is possible to cross a potato with another type of potato naturally but not with a lemon. Even when groups that are likely to be closely related do succeed in traditional breeding, the litter is generally infertile, like mules for example in the case of horses and donkeys (Anderson, 2000.) With the help of genetic engineering, bio-scientists could place an herbicide resistant gene taken from bacteria into a soy bean to significantly enhance the traditional farmÃ¢â¬â¢s chance of controlling weeds, since weed killers could be then sprayed on fields without hurting the soy bean crop. Gene technology provides new ways of identifying particular characteristics of living organisms and transferring them. Genetically modified foods contain genetically engineered ingredients. In the early 1990Ã¢â¬â¢s, GM foods were released to the market without labelling due to the then non-existent laws (Anderson, 2000.) Currently the sale and use of GM foods on the Australian and New Zealand market is controlled by Food Standards Australia New Zealand (FSANZ.) Despite the relentless and transparent process for assessing the safety of GM foods, FSANZ admits that Ã¢â¬ËÃ¢â¬ ¦the goal of the safety assessment is not to establish the absolute safety of the GM food, but rather to consider whether the GM food is comparable to the conventional counterpart foodÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬â¢ meaning that they only check the GM foodÃ¢â¬â¢s chemical composition and not the future effects of the product (FSANZ, 2008.) It is true that millions of people have consumed GM foods or food ingredients without undesirable effects on their well being, and similarly there have been no reports of deaths caused by the consumption of GM foods (Roller, 2001.) Nevertheless in countries where hunger is more prevalent than Australia, there are no Ã¢â¬Ëmore-sophisticatedÃ¢â¬â¢ tests available to ensure public safety due to expensive set ups of authoritarian bureaucracies. Even though international regulatory services are available to these countries, the implementations of the outcomes of these services are ignored due to the influence of international biochemical companies (Murray, 2003.) GM foods and corporate globalisation in the Third World The advances of mainly North American bio companies (Monsanto, DuPont, etc) and the favourable reception by the American public have given GM foods a disputed image. The organisations and their predecessors built their fortunes on local agricultural business operations and were also involved in the Ã¢â¬ËGreen revolutionÃ¢â¬â¢ starting in the 1940Ã¢â¬â¢s. The debated aspects of this agricultural transformation in the Third World and the questionable business ethics of these companies are the origin of preconceived distrust from consumer protection bodies in Europe (Borlaug, 2000: Murray, 2003.) Africa, where allegedly GM food production could help local communitiesÃ¢â¬â¢ hunger has proved to be an effortless catch by biotechnical operations. Imposed foreign interests are creating confusion with no clear strategy about risk assessment, while access to scientific literature is difficult and public debate is not encouraged. Regardless, African countries are going ahead with GM food crops. As Maryke SteffensÃ¢â¬â¢ June 2008 article states Ã¢â¬ËBurkina Faso, Kenya, Malawi and Uganda are preparing for trials with Bt cotton engineered to carry the insect-killing Bt toxin. Kenya is pursuing transgenic maize, sweet potato and cassava. Nigeria is looking into Bt cowpea, and virus-resistant cassava is in the pipeline in Nigeria and UgandaÃ¢â¬â¢ (Steffens, 2008.) Asia is not only the world largest producer and end user of food (Feffer, 2004), but has its own problem with food shortages due to its natural disaster occurrences. Should the continent adopt the American attitude towards GM food (that it is safe to eat, safe to grow, and the only way to feed populations) Ã¢â¬â then the new varieties of crops will change the world. If Asian countries prefer the European view of caution, by labelling GM products and establishing a system that can trace health problems back to their source, globalised biotechnology will not have the opportunities it hoped for. In Central and South America more than 52 million people suffer from malnutrition or hunger (FAO, 2008.)Yet strangely enough, the region is one of the biggest exporters of food. Agricultural GM technology is widely used in Argentina, Brazil and Chile. During the early years of introducing transgenic crops into the region, biotech companies did not charge farmers royalties to use the technology. But now that farmers are keen, the multinationals are pressuring the government for payment of intellectual property rights. Paraguayan farmers have to pay Monsanto $2 per tonne (Altieri Pengue, 2005.) Scientists are getting it wrong Sir David King former Chief Scientific Adviser and Head of the United Kingdom Government Office of Science claimed how useful GM farming could be in feeding the Third World using an example of crop trials around Lake Victoria in Kenya (Poulter, 2007.) During the trial he suggested that scientists discovered chemical identities in plants which attracted root destroying pests. He proposed that by taking this chemical gene element out of crops and inserting it into grass that grow besides commercial plants will encourage pests to eat the grass rather than the food and in turn the crop will produce up to 40-50% more yield. Sir David got it wrong by not properly describing the research in Africa which had no connections to GM technology. Scientists involved with the project found plants that were naturally able to keep weeds away and attract pests. This so called Ã¢â¬Ëpush and pullÃ¢â¬â¢ system resulted in the better than expected crop produce. Sir David later resigned from his offic e. A virus resistant GM sweet potato, which was developed by Monsanto in the US, failed a three year test in Kenya in 2004. (Gathura, 2004) The transgenic sweet potato was imported to Kenya for tests after it was developed to have a coat protein responsible for virus resistance. The initial genetic engineering work was done at the Monsanto laboratories, using virus-resistant technologies. The study articulated concerns whether the gene expression was adequate or it failed to address the diversity of virus in this region or just that the gene construct was inappropriate. Curiously during the trials non-transgenic crops used as control produced much more sweet potato compared to the transgenic ones. The tests have raised questions that bio-engineered techniques tried out of the continent may not be replicated in Africa with laboratory results. AustraliaÃ¢â¬â¢s top scientific body, CSIRO was involved in a GM food related controversy recently. Following CSIROÃ¢â¬â¢s campaign to convince the Greenpeace endorsed Ã¢â¬ËGM-Free ChefsÃ¢â¬â¢ charterÃ¢â¬â¢ members not to boycott GM food products, it was revealed that the organisationÃ¢â¬â¢s Plant Industry Deputy TJ Higgins have made inaccurate claims. (Wilson, 2008) His CSIRO letter headed personal message to the charterÃ¢â¬â¢s top 50 chefs stated assurances that independently reviewed tests have not found any connection between health problems and GMÃ¢â¬ . His declarations were dismissed by nutritional biochemist Dr Judy Carman, who was employed by Western Australian government to carry out independent studies into the safety of GM foods. Dr Higgins is CSIROÃ¢â¬â¢s co-inventor of the GM Field Pea. The invention process was abandoned because toxicologists found it caused immune problems and lung damage in mice. In his letter to the chefs he also claims that Ã¢â¬Ë it is untrue to say that GM food has not been tested for human safety. It has, and very widely. These independently reviewed tests have not found any connection between health problems and GM.Ã¢â¬â¢ One of the co-operator of tests of HigginÃ¢â¬â¢s GM Pea, toxicologist Dr Aprad Pusztai, disputes this as he says: Ã¢â¬ËThere is only one partial clinical study with one GM crop (RR soybean) done in Newcastle and published in 2004 No other human study has been published.Ã¢â¬â¢ This study found that genetically modified material might survive in the human intestine, something which is not reassuring for the public. The biochemistÃ¢â¬â¢s and the toxicologistÃ¢â¬â¢s comments raise doubts whether Higgins, as a plant industry scientist, qualified to make the claims in his letter campaign. GM Foods solving world hunger or chemical cocktails? World hunger is not a myth. The collectively held beliefs that have no basis in explaining world hunger are. We let to believe that there is not enough food in the world to feed the hungry. Then why is the Third World providing a large chunk of our planets daily food? GM foods have been proclaimed as a new agricultural revolution, then why are countries (India, Mexico, Philippines) that allegedly benefitted from the last agricultural revolution of the 1940Ã¢â¬â¢s still have a hungry population? Should we accept the claim that GM foods will provide the hungry with food, more in quantity and better in nutrition, we are still poised with the problem of distribution, rising prises and poverty. Arguably genetic modifications of living organisms have been with us since cross-breeding and hybrids, but now scientists are able to manipulate animal and plant cells to the extent that was unimaginable 20 years ago. Gene technology has well-known functions in medicine (insulin, cancer-treatments, etc) not just in our food chain, GM is not evil. However, scientistsÃ¢â¬â¢ work and reputation can be quickly destroyed when innovations in gene technology get rushed through in commercially funded studies or field tests with possible errors. Hugh Mackay says, in his ethical and moral aspects examining book titled Ã¢â¬ËRight and wrongÃ¢â¬â¢ that, Ã¢â¬ËFreedom to choose is no freedom at all unless it is accompanied by the confidence of knowing we have made the right choice.Ã¢â¬â¢ GM foods will not solve world hunger, and we have not got enough knowledge to safely say it is harmless or dismiss it as chemical cocktails. More research and public education needed. Altieri, M. A., Pengue, W. A. (2005). GM Soya Disaster in Latin America. Retrieved 15 August, 2008, from i-sis.org.uk/SDILA.php Anderson, L. (2000). Genetic engineering, food, and our environment. Melbourne: Scribe Publications. Aspin, L., Blake, G., Gualtieri, R., Fanning, A., Cornius-Randall, R. (2004). Food Technology. Melbourne: Pearson Education Australia. Borlaug, N. (2000). The green revolution revisited and the road ahead. 30 year anniversary lecture by a Nobel Peace Prize Laureate. from http://nobelprize.org/peace/articles/borlaug/borlaug-lecture.pdf Choice Magazine. (2003). GM: Genetically modified food, How GM foods affect your life. . Retrieved 10 August, 2008, from choice.com.au/viewArticle.aspx?id=100255catId=100288tid=100008p=1title=GM%3a+Genetically+modified+food Coghlan, A. (2005). Modified Crops, Good News for Farmers. New Scientist(186), 11. Doeg, C. (2005). Crisis management in the food and drinks industry: a practical approach. New York: Springer Science+Business Media. Eastham, J. F., Sharples, L., Ball, S. D. (2001). Food supply chain management: issues for the hospitality and retail sector. Oxford: Reed educational and professional publishing. Egide L. Nizeyimana, G. W. P. a. E. D. W. (2002). Tracking Farmland Loss. Retrieved 12 August, 2008, from geotimes.org/jan02/feature_land.html#bottom FAO. (2008). Freeing Latin America and the Caribbean from hunger. Retrieved 15 August, 2008, from fao.org/newsroom/en/focus/2008/1000780/index.html Feffer, J. (2004). Asia Holds the Key to the Future of GM Food Retrieved 12 August, 2008, from http://yaleglobal.yale.edu/display.article?id=4956 FSANZ. (2008). Frequently Asked Questions on Genetically Modified Foods Retrieved 12 August, 2008, from foodstandards.gov.au/foodmatters/gmfoods/frequentlyaskedquest3862.cfm Gathura, G. (2004). Monsantos GE Potato Fails in Africa. Retrieved 12 August, 2008, from organicconsumers.org/monsanto/africapotato020204.cfm Ki-Moon, B. (2008). The new face of hunger. Washington Post Lappe, F. M., Collins, J., Rosset, P. (1998). World hunger, 12 myths. Oakland, California: Earthscan. Mackay, H. (2004). Right and wrong: how to decide for yourself. Sydney: Hodder. Murray, D. R. (2003). Impacts of genetically modified plants in the Third World. In Seeds of concern: the genetic manipulation of plants (pp. Pages 115 to 128). Sydney: UNSW Press Book. Poulter, S. (2007). Scientist who claimed GM crops could solve Third World hunger admits he got it wrong. Daily Mail Roller, S. (2001). Genetically Modified Foods: Threat or Opportunity? London: School of Applied Science, South Bank University. Ronald, P. C., Adamchak, R. W. (2008). Tomorrows Table: Organic Farming, Genetics, and the Future of Food New York: Oxford University Press. Scrinis, G. (2000). The Precise Problem with GM Foods. The Age Skoet, J., Stamoulis, K. (2006). The state of food insecurity in the world. Rome: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. Steffens, M. (2008). Agri-biotech in Africa: safety first? Retrieved 11 August, 2008, from http://greenbio.checkbiotech.org/news/2007-06-13/Agri-biotech_in_Africa_safety_first_/ Suzuki, D. (1999). And baby makes six billion. Retrieved 20 August, 2008, from davidsuzuki.org/About_us/Dr_David_Suzuki/Article_Archives/weekly10209901.asp United Nations Economic and Social Council. (2008). Current global food crisis will require increasing amounts of humanitarian assistance. Paper presented at the Humanitarian challenges related to global food aid. Wilson, K. (2008). CSIRO scientists GM letter campaign backfires Retrieved 10 August, 2008, from crikey.com.au/Politics/20080721-CSIRO-scientist-campaign.html Research Papers on GM Foods - Solving Hunger or Creating Chemical CocktailsGenetic EngineeringMarketing of Lifeboy Soap A Unilever ProductTwilight of the UAWPETSTEL analysis of IndiaBionic Assembly System: A New Concept of SelfDefinition of Export QuotasLifes What IfsThe Effects of Illegal ImmigrationRelationship between Media Coverage and Social andOpen Architechture a white paper
Monday, February 24, 2020
CRJS300 U2IP - Research Paper Example In fact, counting the number of police agencies in the United States is a difficult task because there are many; ranging from local, municipal and metropolitan police departments, county law enforcement, tribal law enforcement, campus law enforcement, state law enforcement, and federal law enforcement. These all have different jurisdictions and functions. At the first glance, one would claim that a single national police force is good because of the possibility of improvement in uniformity and continuity, better deployment of personnel, better coordination of various services, reduced costs, and better training. A closer look at the issue will reveal that creating a single national police force is an inevitable strategy, taking into account the changing nature of crimes. The first issue that necessitates the unification of agencies is the changing nature of crimes. A perfect example is cybercrime, which crosses national and state borders. Similar is the case of both domestic and international terrorism and narcotics trafficking. This situation is admitted by Finklea in the CRS Report for Congress, Ã¢â¬Å"Organized Crime in the United States: Trends and Issues for CongressÃ¢â¬ dated 22 December 2010. The paper admits the increasingly transnational nature of crime and expresses concern over a possible nexus between organized crime and terrorism. Thus, it is clear that the nature of crimes has changed. As Tully (2002) points out, issues like domestic and international terrorism and narcotics trafficking are not within the scope and resources of the small police departments, and equipping each small department with these resources is a highly expensive and hence impossible strategy. Therefore, a consolidation of the police forces will offer better se rvices at reduced costs in handling crimes like terrorism, drug trafficking, and such other cross-border crimes. In the opinion of